Saint Basil’s Cathedral
I have always dreamed of visiting Saint Basil’s Cathedral. It’s unique architecture and candy color scheme seems like something out of a fairytale.
Located in the Red Square, the heart of Moscow, Saint Basil’s Cathedral is an icon of Russia. It was built from 1555 to 1561 on orders from Ivan the Terrible after conquering Kazan from Mongol forces and expanding the Russian empire. It has been the hub of the city’s growth since them. There’s a legend that Ivan had blinded the builders so that they could not create anything to compare.
Its official name is Cathedral of the Intercession of the Virgin by the Moat. The Cathedral didn’t always have this exuberance of colors. When built, it was all white to match the white-stone Kremlin, and the onion domes were gold rather than multi-colored and patterned as they are today.
During Soviet times many churches were destroyed but Saint Basil’s Cathedral survived despite Stalin’s plan to destroy it. It was saved thanks to the architect Pyotr Baranovsky, whose courage earned him 5 years in the gulag.
Here is a great short video about the construction of the cathedral in
You can find more information in http://www.moscow.info/red-square/st-basils-cathedral.aspx