GUM Department Store
A visit to Moscow’s Red Square is not completed until you visit GUM Department Store. If you value your money you won’t do shopping at Russia’s most famous shopping mall though. The prices are sky-high!
The impressive building located on the opposite side of Lenin’s Mausoleum is worth a visit for its architecture. The glass roof, unique at the time it was constructed, gives the building an antique European railway station look. The floors are connected by charming bridges and in the center of the complex, there’s a fountain used by the Muscovites as a meeting point and photo point.
Throughout history, this place, where GUM is located now, have been served as a trading center. It was known as the Upper Trading Rows and it was the heart of the whole country’s economy. The present building was completed in 1893 to replace the old structure damaged by a fire. Before the Soviet revolution, it was the largest shopping mall in Europe with 1,200 stores.
During the Soviet era, Upper Trading Rows became GUM (“Gosudarstvennyi Universalnyi Magazin”), the state universal store. Many Soviet cities had their own GUM store. Because of the shortages of consumer goods, it was common to see long queues outside the store, sometimes extended all the way across Red Square.
More information on http://www.gum.ru/